Youth between the ages of 15 and 17 have no restrictions on the type of employment they can do, but have limited hours in certain situations. 15-year-olds cannot work during normal school hours (unless they participate in an “internship program”), 15- to 17-year-olds who work in retail and hospitality must be supervised by adults between 9 p.m. and 12 p.m. and are not allowed to work between 12:01 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. Young people between the ages of 15 and 17 are allowed to hold any other type of employment between 12:01 and 18:00, but only under adult supervision and parental consent. Topics in the Dial-A-Law series provide background information on a wide variety of legal issues in the province of Alberta. This service is offered by Calgary Legal Guidance, which is funded in part by the Alberta Law Foundation. A parent or guardian of a young person must always give written consent to the employer before the young person can be employed and start working. As with all other workers, people under the age of 18 are only covered by employment standards rules if they are employees.

This means that the rules do not apply to people under the age of 18 who are self-employed or who work as independent contractors or volunteers. For more information on applying for a permit for people under the age of 12, see Youth Employment Permits. Youth aged 12, 13 or 14 may be employed without the approval of the Director of Employment Standards because: Youth employment in these industries is monitored to ensure compliance with admission requirements. Employees who are 15 years of age cannot work during normal school hours unless they are enrolled in an off-campus educational program. As of January 1, 2019, there are new rules and guarantees specifically for workers under the age of 18, which can be found in employment standards – Youth Employment Laws. Because they are new and because there are many special rules, it is important to familiarize yourself with them. Click here for information on minimum age laws across Canada, provincial and territorial laws restrict the employment of youth under the age of 18. This topic discusses Alberta`s laws that apply to the employment of youth under the age of 18. It depends on the age of the young person which employment restrictions apply. Youth employment must not harm their lives, health, education or well-being.

Parents or guardians of youth who are gainfully employed must provide the employer with written consent (authorization). This may include, but is not limited to, casual work such as: This continues to include the requirement for all employers to conduct risk assessments. Resources are available to help employers understand the risk assessment process: the youth must work with and in the constant presence of at least one person aged 18 or older within hours of 9:00 p.m. to midnight. The teenager cannot work at all in this type of occupation from midnight to 6:00 in the morning. For more information on employment standards, including youth and youth employment: Click on: Alberta Government Employment Standards, or call (780) 427-3731 toll-free at 310-0000 In Alberta, a person between the ages of 13 and 14 can work with the written consent of a parent or guardian and the work done is not likely to endanger their health. Safety, education and well-being (recommended job: office or retail salesman or delivery person). You are allowed to work a maximum of two hours a day on school days and eight hours a day on other days.

If they are under 15 years old, they are not allowed to work between 21:00 and 06:00. These youth employment rules limit the type of work and working hours of 12-year-olds, aged 13 to 14. Permits and parental or guardian consent may be required to ensure that young workers perform only “light duty” that does not endanger their health and safety. Teenagers are 15, 16 or 17 years old. For some types of employment, there are restrictions on a young person`s hours of work and the level of supervision required. If a youth is employed in a job: Youth between the ages of 15 and 17 do not need a work permit. However, please note that this permit is only valid for youth employment in the restaurant and restaurant industry In Alberta, individuals 12 years of age or younger can only be employed in an arts business. This requires a permit to work in artistic enterprises.

Hours of work and other restrictions are determined during the approval process. The consent of the parent or guardian is required. For more information on applying for a permit for people under the age of 12, see Youth Employment Permits. If you are a young person between the ages of 15 and 18 and you are participating in an internship program as part of your training, your salary must be paid in accordance with the authorized contract. This contract would approve your participation and set your salary, which may be lower than the minimum wage. In addition, persons under the age of 18 who are employed in an agricultural or livestock situation may not be entitled to the minimum wage and working time restrictions. Young people may not be employed outside of school hours unless this is done in the following circumstances: The model risk assessment form is available to employers to carry out risk assessments. Employers are responsible for understanding the rules. It is strongly recommended that you read the Evaluation and Monitoring Guide. Employees must receive income at least once a month and no later than 10 days after the end of each payment period. In addition, employers do not need a permit to hire youth to perform the following tasks: For any other type of work, in addition to the written consent of parents, permission from the Director of Employment Standards must be obtained before a youth can be hired.

By Yosie Saint-Cyr, Editor-in-Chief at HRinfodesk—Canadian Payroll and Employment Law, updated June 2005 (originally published April 2001) Employees must have at least eight hours off when switching from one shift to another. During each shift of more than five consecutive hours, an employee is entitled to at least 30 minutes of rest, paid or unpaid. Shorter breaks of a total of 30 minutes are acceptable. Some exceptions apply, for example in cases of urgency or if other provisions relating to rest are agreed in a collective agreement. Persons under the age of 12 are not allowed to work. However, in certain circumstances, you can apply for a permit from the Director of Employment Standards of the Government of Alberta if you can justify the need for such employment. You must assure the director that no harm will be done to the child. Where authorization is granted by the Director, the Director may impose any restrictions he considers necessary.

In June 2005, Alberta`s Human Resources and Employment Branch – Employment Standards published additional guidelines on its website for hiring employees aged 12 to 14 in the food and restaurant industry, as follows: We recommend that you ask your employer these 13 questions and find allies to talk to about the work.